Topics Covered Food Webs Flow of Energy in Ecosystems
Vocabulary (students are expected to know) Wow! This is a lot!!! I will make a study sheet. You already have most of this down though, so that is...well, awesome.
Students should be able to apply vocabulary terms from lesson plans 1-3 to real-life situations in the field.
Ecology: the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and their environment.
Biotic: all the living things in the environment.
Abiotic: all the physical factors in the environment that affect living organisms - Temperature, Light, Water, Nutrients.
Organism: the individual living unit - you, me, a bird, a tree, a single cell organism.
Population: a group of individuals of the same species that live together in the same area.
Community: ALL of the populations of different species that live and interact in one area.
Ecosystem: a community of organisms and its abiotic environment.
Biosphere: the part of our planet with living organisms.
Producer: organisms that use sunlight to directly make food.
Consumer: organisms that eat producers or other organisms for energy.
Herbivore: a consumer that eats plants for energy.
Carnivore: a consumer that eats animals and other consumers for energy.
Omnivore: a consumer that eats both producers and consumers for energy.
Scavenger: animals that feed on the bodies of dead animals for energy.
Decomposer: organisms that get energy by breaking down the remains of dead organisms.
Energy: the ability to do work.
Food Chain: shows how energy in food molecules flows from one organism to the next.
Food Web: shows the many energy pathways possible.
Energy Pyramid: shows the loss of energy at each level of the food chain.
Standards 2009 Oregon State Science Standards 6.2 The related parts within a system interact and change. 6.2L.2 Explain how individual organisms and populations in an ecosystem interact and how changes in populations are related to resources. 6.2L.2.1 Organisms interact as populations. 6.2L.2.2 Different populations interact as communities. 6.2L.2.3 Communities interact with the environment as ecosystems.
7.2 The components and processes within a system interact. 7.2L.2 Explain the processes by which plants and animals obtain energy and materials for growth and metabolism. 7.2L.2.1 Cellular respiration 7.2L.2.3 Photosynthesis 7.2L.2.4 Energy conversion in plant cells Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) (based on May, 2012 draft) MS.LS-MEOE Matter and Energy in Organisms and Ecosystems. LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms. LS2.B: Cycle of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems. MS.LS-IRE Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems. LS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems.
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