Topics Covered REVIEW OF PREVIOUS MATERIAL covered in lesson plans 1-3.
Vocabulary (students are expected to know) Wow! This is a lot!!! I will make a study sheet. You already have most of this down though, so that is...well, awesome.
Students should be able to apply vocabulary terms from lesson plans 1-3 to real-life situations in the field.
Ecology: the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and their environment.
Biotic: all the living things in the environment.
Abiotic: all the physical factors in the environment that affect living organisms - Temperature, Light, Water, Nutrients.
Organism: the individual living unit - you, me, a bird, a tree, a single cell organism.
Population: a group of individuals of the same species that live together in the same area.
Community: ALL of the populations of different species that live and interact in one area.
Ecosystem: a community of organisms and its abiotic environment.
Biosphere: the part of our planet with living organisms.
Producer: organisms that use sunlight to directly make food.
Consumer: organisms that eat producers or other organisms for energy.
Herbivore: a consumer that eats plants for energy.
Carnivore: a consumer that eats animals and other consumers for energy.
Omnivore: a consumer that eats both producers and consumers for energy.
Scavenger: animals that feed on the bodies of dead animals for energy.
Decomposer: organisms that get energy by breaking down the remains of dead organisms.
Standards 2009 Oregon State Science Standards 6.2 The related parts within a system interact and change. 6.2L.2 Explain how individual organisms and populations in an ecosystem interact and how changes in populations are related to resources. 6.2L.2.1 Organisms interact as populations. 6.2L.2.2 Different populations interact as communities. 6.2L.2.3 Communities interact with the environment as ecosystems.
7.2 The components and processes within a system interact. 7.2L.2 Explain the processes by which plants and animals obtain energy and materials for growth and metabolism. 7.2L.2.1 Cellular respiration 7.2L.2.3 Photosynthesis 7.2L.2.4 Energy conversion in plant cells Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) (based on May, 2012 draft) MS.LS-MEOE Matter and Energy in Organisms and Ecosystems. LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms. LS2.B: Cycle of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems. MS.LS-IRE Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems. LS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems.
Middle School Science Safety Contract
To ensure a safe classroom, a list of rules has been developed and is called the Science Safety Contract. These rules must be followed at all times. No science student will be allowed to participate in science activities until this contract has been signed.
1. Conduct yourself in a responsible manner at all times in the science room. Horseplay, practical jokes, and pranks will NOT be tolerated.
2. Follow all written and verbal instructions carefully. Ask your teacher questions if you do not understand the instructions.
3. Do NOT touch any equipment, supplies, animals, or other materials in the science room without permission from the teacher.
4. Perform only authorized and approved experiments. Do not conduct any experiments when the teacher is out of the room.
5. Never eat, drink, chew gum, or taste anything in the science room.
6. Keep hands away from face, eyes, and mouth while using science materials or when working with either chemicals or animals. Wash your hands with soap and water before leaving the science room.
7. Wear safety glasses or goggles when instructed. Never remove safety glasses or goggles during an experiment. There will be NO exceptions to this rule!
8. Report any accident (fire, spill, breakage, etc.) injury (cut, burn, etc.) or hazardous condition (broken equipment, etc.) to the teacher immediately.
9. Consider all chemicals used in the science room to be dangerous. Do NOT touch or smell any chemicals unless specifically instructed to do so.
10. Do NOT remove chemicals, equipment, supplies, or animals from the science room without permission from the teacher.
11. Handle all glassware with care. Never pick up hot or broken glassware with your bare hands.
12. Dress—properly. Long hair must be tied back, no dangling jewelry, and no loose or baggy clothing.
Wear aprons when instructed.
13. Learn where the safety equipment is located and how to use it. Know where the exits are located and what to do in case of an emergency or fire drill.
Tear on the dotted line and give this part to your teacher.
I, ___________________________________, (student’s name) have read and understand each of the above safety rules set forth in this contract. I agree to follow them to ensure not only my own safety but also the safety of others in the science classroom or laboratory. I also agree to follow the general rules of appropriate behavior for a classroom at all times to avoid accidents and to provide a safe learning environment for everyone. I understand that if I do NOT follow all the rules and safety precautions, I will NOT be allowed to participate in science activities.
Student Signature ____________________________________________ Date _________________________
Science Safety Contract Adapted from Flinn Scientific 16 January 2010